Cover Photo: Wikimedia
Wikimedia

A Brief History of American Utopian Communities

“Utopian communities are inherently tragic because they are always, every single time, doomed to failure.”

whipping horses.

Photo provided by the author.

Elderly Animals—

on my way

Cracker Box Palace: Farm Animal Haven.

Adrian Shirk is the author of And Your Daughters Shall Prophesy , narrative expeditions of American women prophets and spiritual icons, from Counterpoint Press. Her work has appeared in The Atlantic, Atlas Obscura, The Morning News and others. She teaches women's studies and creative writing at Pratt Institute, and lives on the border of the Bronx and Yonkers, with her husband Sweeney and Quentin the cat.